Is the anthropic principle a scientifically verifiable or testable theory
Question: Is the anthropic principle a scientifically verifiable or testable theory or premise?
John Oaks PhdD in chemical physics has an answer:
Let me share with you a couple examples of discoveries which were made by assuming an intelligent designer. The first example is science itself. If you read the writings of Roger Bacon, Nikolai Copernicus, William of Ockham, Galileo and any of the very early philosophers of science, what you will find is that their starting point was the assumption that the universe is ordered, based on their belief in a single, unchanging God. In other words, the origin of belief in order and predictability in nature was belief in God in the anthropic principle. It would be fair to say that this prediction has proven to be true. To take it farther, based on his concept of God and of beauty, Roger Bacon predicted in the 13th century that nature would follow mathematically precise laws. Again, this prediction was proved true over time. I believe the reason his prediction has proved true is that the assumption he based his prediction on namely that there is a single, unchanging God who created an orderly universe is true.
Let me make a “scientific” prediction using the anthropic principle. Here we go. In the next few decades scientists will discover hundreds of additional facts/constants about how the physical world works which, by “coincidence” happen to have what seem to be ideal values in order for advanced life forms to exist.
Let me make another prediction using the anthropic principle. This one is
more specific, so it probably comes closer to being a hypothesis. In the
next generation or so, neuroscientists will discover that the human brain
is amazingly “designed” (to use a biased term) to allow humans to have
religious/spiritual experiences. They will discover a number of facts
about brain chemistry, structure and function which have relatively little
evolutionary advantage, but which are of great relevance to the experience
of “spiritual” reality.
However, the fact is that this world view is in dramatic agreement with the facts. Is it possible that this is all just luck? I suppose so. However, this requires a coincidence of such magnitude that atheist physicists have been forced to speculate that there are an infinite number of universes. Now THAT is religious speculation.