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Social Enterprise & Base of the Pyramid (BOP) Resources

Case Studies of Design in the BOP

Design for the Other 90 Percent (book & museum exhibit)

Examples & Case Studies for Corporate BOP

Nuru International (see the model video as well as the blog videos which break down the organization & method piece by piece. Note: these videos are hosted on Vimeo and you may have to let them pre-load a bit to experience smooth streaming)
Nourish International
International Development Enterprises (IDE) (video of Paul Polack from Beyond Profit)
Beyond Profit’s Channel on Vimeo has a handful of presentations & interviews from social entrepreneurs
Unreasonable Institute’s Vimeo Channel has 76 videos from early stage social entrepreneurs and their mentors.
MIT D-lab & Stanfords design for extreme affordability also have several great examples (one notable one is d.light which replaces caroseen with solar at low cost–although the product is still experiencing some minor growing pains)
Frontline SMS & Ushahidi are also great low cost examples in the mobile space
Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, CK Prahalad (also available for free on Google books)
Markets at the Base of the Pyramid (available as PDF online)
Emerging Markets, Emerging Models (report recommended by the Acumen Fund)
BabaJob
Vision Spring (business in a bag, micro-consignment model)

Designing in the BOP

BOP Protocol
12 Principles for Problem Solving (Paul Polack/IDE)
Human Centered Design Toolkit (IDEO)
Project H Model

Principles, Tactics, and Strategies for Succeeding at the BOP

(TBA)

Best Blogs about the BOP

Next Billion Blog
Whats BOPreneur
Paul Polak Blog
Social Edge Blogs
Mobile Active
Compassion in Politics

Marketing in the BOP

Kickstart & IDE
Various Acumen & Omidyar & Draper Richards Foundation Examples
Radio (Farm Radio International Live funded by Gates)
Mobile/Radio (Freedom Fone created participatory radio)
Mobile Phone
Micro-franchising/Business in a Box

Overall Social Entrepreneurship Resources

Social Entrepreneurship Toolbelt
B Corporation (mostly US focused)
More recommendations from Acumen Fund
Blended Value Bibliography (Blended Value.org)
How Matters Resources (focuses on listening & NGOs)

Free E-Book for about Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Occupation: Change the World
Barefoot MBA (Entrepreneurship Curriculum for Developing World)
Open Book for Social Innovation
Thinking Like an Intrapreneur (Next Billion.net)
Social Franchising E-book (Nextbillion.net)
Social Entrepreneurship Handbook (Ashoka University Network)
Resource Guide for Social Entrepreneurs for 2009 (UNC)

From more info check out base of the pyramid and design for the other 90 percent.

150 Comments

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  1. compassioninpolitics / Nov 13 2010 8:05 pm

    Here is an annotated bibliography of base of the pyramid strategy:
    http://www.imtfi.uci.edu/imtfi_bibcritique

    Here are the free social enterprise & innovation whitepapers available:
    http://compassioninpolitics.wordpress.com/2010/12/06/free-social-entrepreneurship-whitepapers-ebooks/

  2. compassioninpolitics / Dec 11 2010 10:58 pm

    I’m particularly impressed with these two resources for college students:
    1) Operation Change the World
    2) UNC social enterprise guide

  3. compassioninpolitics / Dec 20 2010 10:28 pm

    This is the “must read” list compiled by a writer at Next Billion & contains a lot of the classics:
    http://www.nextbillion.net/blog/2008/10/01/bop-101-a-review-of-must-read-literature-for-those-interested-i2

    The research white paper “Economic Lives of the Poor” is quite impressive in terms of helping people in the developing world get a sense of the lives of people living in the BoP
    http://www.nextbillion.net/blog/2007/01/05/the-economic-lives-of-the-poor

    The actual essay is available here:
    http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=942062

    The book Portfolios of the Poor is similarly insightful.
    http://www.portfoliosofthepoor.com/

    Including these 3 related essays about the BoP:
    http://www.portfoliosofthepoor.com/resources.asp

  4. compassioninpolitics / Dec 20 2010 11:02 pm

    Babajob & Somasource are interesting examples of online platforms leveraged for employment & jobs in the BoP–here are some others (micro-jobs & micro-labor):
    http://www.bopsource.com/forum/topics/online-markets-for-telework

  5. Nathan Ketsdever / Jan 6 2011 10:25 pm

    Catapult Design, Engineering for Change, and Engineering without Borders all deserve a mention.
    http://www.nextbillion.net/blog/2011/01/05/engineering-for-change

    Endeva Institute’s Inclusive Business Guide “How to Develop Business and Fight Poverty”
    is pretty impressive
    http://www.nextbillion.net/blog/2011/01/07/friday-roundup—070111-endeva-institute

    Finally, this list of social enterprise links at the Dell isn’t exhaustive, but reasonably helpful:
    http://www.dellsocialinnovationcompetition.com/AdditionalResources

  6. compassioninpolitics / Jan 13 2011 6:21 am

    This is more CSR & venture philanthropy oriented:
    http://www.rockefellerfoundation.org/news/publications/solutions-impact-investors-from

    (p. 35 to 36 has a decent list of organizations)

    Book Reviews/Summaries of Books on Poverty
    http://www.defeatpoverty.com/category/poverty-reading-list

  7. compassioninpolitics / Feb 9 2011 12:54 am

    Design Altruism Project:

    http://design-altruism-project.org/

  8. Nathan Ketsdever / Feb 11 2011 5:39 pm

    The list of organizations the Mulago Foundation supports is quite impressive:
    http://www.mulagofoundation.org/?q=who-we-fund

  9. compassioninpolitics / Feb 15 2011 3:56 am

    Farming Databases available from the World Agroforesty Center (based in Kenya):
    http://worldagroforestry.org/our_products/databases

    The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) is also a great resource for agricultural insight–although their website doesn’t seem to have much thats easy to find in my experience:
    http://www.cgiar.org/

  10. compassioninpolitics / Feb 18 2011 11:22 am

    Little Devices that Could provides insights on medical devices in the developing world:
    http://littledevicesthatcould.blogspot.com/

  11. compassioninpolitics / Feb 20 2011 4:33 am

    This is pretty dope for both models of data visualization as well as actual slides:
    http://www.visualizing.org/

  12. Nathan Ketsdever / Feb 23 2011 3:25 am

    This book on MicroFranchising was just released in Feb 2011:
    http://www.greenleaf-publishing.com/productdetail.kmod?productid=3096

  13. compassioninpolitics / Feb 23 2011 5:50 am

    Want to follow social change agents who don’t get coverage on Next Billion–Changents:
    http://changents.com/

  14. Nathan Ketsdever / Mar 5 2011 8:39 pm

    Research on educating the poorest of the poor in the BOP (thanks to William Easterly):

    http://research.ncl.ac.uk/egwest/research.html

    Poor Economics–the aim is to find how the poorest of the poor (extreme poor or BOP) are able to live. An interesting study– the website is interesting (in pre-order on Amazon to be released April 27, 2011):
    http://www.pooreconomics.com/

    For green jobs & general SE career info & insight:
    http://www.justmeans.com

  15. compassioninpolitics / Mar 6 2011 8:42 pm

    8 options for finding mentors:

    1) Score
    2) Small Business Administration
    3) Micro-mentors program (I forget which organization does this)
    4) Entrepreneurs Organization
    5) Vistage (is for CEOs)
    6) Meetup.com
    7) Local Organizations/National Conferences (the later seems harder because of the lack of regular contact)
    8] Linked in (to create contacts or meetups for longer mentorships)

  16. compassioninpolitics / Mar 9 2011 3:53 am

    Career Tools for social entrepreneurs:
    http://www.worklore.com/Decision-point-Tools/decision-point-tools.html

    (“Life Entrepreneurs” & Bornsteins second book “Everything You Need to Know about Social Entrepreneurship are decent on this account)

  17. Nathan Ketsdever / Mar 10 2011 3:11 am

    Next Lab at MIT is quite cool–they focus on mobile technology for the next billion:
    http://nextlab.mit.edu/

    This video explains the project:
    http://vimeo.com/9078503

    You can look at the agenda for the class (along with some content) here:
    http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/media-arts-and-sciences/mas-965-nextlab-i-designing-mobile-technologies-for-the-next-billion-users-fall-2008/lecture-videos/

  18. compassioninpolitics / Mar 10 2011 4:23 am

    Research for design in the developing world (I grabbed this from the MIT syllabus)
    http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-33011-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html

    The Poverty Action Lab has this cool spreadsheet format divided by country & issue area which will allow you to click through to their research by category.
    http://www.povertyactionlab.org/search/apachesolr_search?view=grid&filters=type:evaluation

  19. Nathan Ketsdever / Mar 13 2011 7:16 pm

    On the Philosophy of Business & Organizations:
    http://www.solonline.org/PublicationsAndResources/RecommendedReading/

    Positive Psychology research:
    http://www.ppc.sas.upenn.edu/positivepsychologyresearch.htm

    The work on appreciative inquiry is interesting here:
    http://appreciativeinquiry.case.edu/

    The work on strengths is also interesting:
    http://www.tmbc.com/case/video
    http://gmj.gallup.com/

  20. compassioninpolitics / Mar 14 2011 9:33 pm

    List of resources from the Social Venture Network:
    http://www.svn.org/index.cfm?pageId=488

    Not all of these companies are social enterprises but about 70% are & they point to the diversity & ingenuity involved:
    http://www.director.co.uk/MAGAZINE/2011/1_Jan/20-to-watch-in-2011_64_05.html

    A great resource I found in the SE Toolbox–called the Open Book of Social Innovation
    http://www.youngfoundation.org/files/images/Open_Book_of_Social_Innovation.pdf

  21. compassioninpolitics / Mar 19 2011 6:16 am

    Here is a list of orgs which work with Women
    http://www.halftheskymovement.org/get-involved

    Including:
    Heifer
    Care
    Ashoka
    BRAC
    Grameen Bank
    Pro Mujer
    Self Employed Women’s Association
    Women’s Learning Partnership

    Catholic Relief Services
    Mercy Corps
    Save the Children

  22. compassioninpolitics / Mar 20 2011 10:11 am

    If you check out this curriculum for this school for women in Rwanda for students–its driven by real life skills:

    http://akilahinstitute.org/about/curriculum/

    You would have to ask them what is their success rate (job placement, decreasing poverty, and womens empowerment) & if they are overpopulating the hotel industry. I’m also curious how long the program is & what age women are targeted.

  23. Nathan Ketsdever / Mar 23 2011 2:25 am

    Country by country mobile case studies & opportunities:

    http://www.mobileactive.org/countries/kenya

  24. compassioninpolitics / Mar 29 2011 9:45 pm

    Collaboration for social innovation:
    http://epic.io/

  25. Nathan Ketsdever / Mar 31 2011 6:10 am

    Great example of college kids creating cool stuff in the social innovation space:
    http://innovideo.tv/

  26. Nathan Ketsdever / Mar 31 2011 5:56 pm

    This is a model similar to Endeavor, which raises up the community of entrepreneurs
    http://www.pioneersofprosperity.org/about/partners/

    Pioneers for Prosperity supports 10 entrepreneurs and leverages them as leadership models for the rest of the community.

  27. Nathan Ketsdever / Apr 1 2011 4:40 pm

    Accion’s growth is a good case study. In fact, Root Capital brought in one of their management folks to help consult in their growth:
    http://www.accion.org/

    You can listen about Root Capitals growth here. They grew 41% last year in disperments:
    http://www.rootcapital.org/video/Q4QIR/qirvideo.php

  28. compassioninpolitics / Apr 2 2011 10:16 pm
  29. compassioninpolitics / Apr 6 2011 4:36 am
  30. compassioninpolitics / Apr 6 2011 4:38 am

    How nonproft organizations & social entrepreneurs can increase improvement:

    And now, a fantastic tip from Peter Bregman, who blogs at the Harvard Business Review. Bregman has crafted a plan for spending the last five minutes of your work day. He suggests taking that time to “pause, breathe, and think about what’s working and what’s not,” using three sets of questions.

    I liked this idea so much that I wrote the questions on a Post-It and stuck it over my desk. Now, thanks to Bregman, at the end of most days, I’ve been asking myself:

    “How did the day go? What success did I experience? What challenges did I endure?
    “What did I learn today? About myself? About others? What do I plan to do — differently or the same — tomorrow?
    “Who did I interact with? Anyone I need to update? Thank? Ask a question? Share feedback?”

    http://blogs.hbr.org/bregman/2011/01/the-best-way-to-use-the-last-f.html

  31. compassioninpolitics / Apr 6 2011 5:24 am

    Poor Economics is coming out soon (April 2011). Here is the link to the Teaching resources around the book. This is incredibly exciting as its an attempt to apply more science and data to the issue of development & solving poverty:
    http://www.pooreconomics.com/about-book/teaching-book

  32. compassioninpolitics / Apr 6 2011 6:37 am

    I find this article to be an interesting way to think about how entrepreneurs look at the world vs. how others look at entrepreneurs:
    http://cba.unomaha.edu/faculty/adiamond/web/DiamondPDFs/EpistemologyEntrepreneurshipAdvances2010-11-15.pdf

  33. compassioninpolitics / Apr 6 2011 6:56 am

    Proven Impact from Poverty Action:
    http://www.poverty-action.org/provenimpact

  34. compassioninpolitics / Apr 7 2011 8:48 am

    5 models for scaling (also 5 models for going the last mile)
    http://beyondprofit.com/the-models-that-work/

  35. compassioninpolitics / Apr 11 2011 5:47 am

    How government can support entrepreneurs & social entrepreneurs–
    social impact bonds & other forms of investment:

    http://blog.csi.edu.au/2011/04/from-giving-to-investing-a-new-approach-to-not-for-profit-funding/?sms_ss=twitter&at_xt=4da24b8b3d34bfd3,0

  36. compassioninpolitics / Apr 11 2011 5:51 am
  37. compassioninpolitics / Apr 11 2011 6:19 am

    Here are some free downloads on social enterprise:
    http://www.socialent.org/Free_Downloads.htm

  38. compassioninpolitics / Apr 14 2011 9:54 am

    This presentation/whitepaper has some really cool resources:
    http://www.slideshare.net/fveglio/wbcsd-inclusive-businessresourcestools

  39. Nathan Ketsdever / Apr 15 2011 12:36 pm
  40. Nathan Ketsdever / Apr 19 2011 5:58 pm

    Not directly related–but getting or creating a planner is key:
    http://www.productiveflourishing.com/free-planners/

    * Update: this should be in the coaching/consulting thread.

  41. compassioninpolitics / Apr 29 2011 3:15 am

    Interesting article from the economist on $300 housing:
    http://www.economist.com/node/18618271

  42. compassioninpolitics / May 3 2011 2:30 am

    May be useful for academics & others who want to be published in the field:
    http://www.fourhourworkweek.com/blog/2010/08/23/seth-godin-and-print-publishing/

    This has a couple other recommendations–including other stuff by Ferris:
    http://www.squidoo.com/writing-and-publishing-playbook

  43. compassioninpolitics / May 7 2011 8:41 pm

    The Cooperative Groups youtube channel has lots of examples of cooperatives.

    Also check out their webpage.

    For instance, http://www.co-operative.coop/legalservices/

    One risk of the cooperative model–however is the same problem with green washing or with any business–you still need to have experts (and not sacrifice quality).

    Also, I’m curious if in certain industries which require agility, speed, and innovation–if having community membership is helpful. I’m sure they can work–the association model seems very similar–and that seems to work generally.

  44. Nathan Ketsdever / May 8 2011 11:26 am

    Power for the Poor

    I’m curious how the cash–ie money saved (perhaps 30 to 40%) could be re-routed to serve good (ie empower women through education & jobs).

  45. Nathan Ketsdever / May 8 2011 11:29 am

    Interesting way to scale change–I’m curious what model they used to create change:
    http://www.youtube.com/user/echoinggreen1#p/u/15/wbrsL-K78KY

  46. compassioninpolitics / May 14 2011 11:10 am

    A low cost clean hands solution from the Entrepreneurial Design for Extreme Affordability/
    Stanford D-lab:
    http://www.nathaliecollins.com/2010/06/safi-clean-hands-for-healthier-lives/
    http://saficlean.wordpress.com/

    Here are other projects from the Entrepreneurial Design for Extreme Affordability:
    http://extreme.stanford.edu/projects/embrace.html

  47. compassioninpolitics / May 16 2011 9:32 am

    Arun Sarin on Leadership – Haas School

    My Summary and Takeaways of Mr. Sarins speech:
    1) On Leadership: First 23:25 on learning to be a global leader while you are in college (leadership is 1) strategy/vision, 2) operations, 3) people, and 4) globalism–not sure where individual motivation falls–I assume that falls under both vision & people) He basically encourages college students to do self-assessment and then do things which give them an opportunity to
    2) On Boomerang Innovation: Boomerang innovation makes an excellent case for doing business in the developing world to learn models to make your developed world business more competitive.
    3) On People Decisions: People decisions are the hardest (ie hiring & firing vs. strategy–but mostly firing). Make the decision earlier than later.
    4) On Business Growth: Growth of Vodaphone–growing a business internationally
    5) On Corporate Social Responsibility: “no one will say….and you gave money away for a good cause??” …. “And you will say yeah….”
    6) On Success & Winning: Life is about a headset, not as much about skill. Ability to constantly change, learn, and take feedback and give feedback. Your genuine desire to be better.”
    7) Stay Really Grounded. Who you are. What you want to do. Aspiration & ambition–but don’t ware it on your sleeve (your peers don’t want to hear about your ambition). Move one step at a time and keep assessing (things feeling good?) Have short term goals which take you in the right direction (7 to 10 jobs before you reach your final destintation). “Do a really good job in every assignment you get. “You have to be a very good follower to be a good leader. If you don’t know what followership is…its really hard to be a great leader.” (indirect quote)
    8] Hardest thing in business is getting out of middle management. Get out of middle management as soon as you can.
    9) Make others look good & successful. A certain momentum takes over:

    Telecom veteran Arun Sarin, former CEO of Vodafone, MBA 78, MS 78 (engineering), shares his insights on leadership as part of the Dean’s Speaker Series, at the Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley. April 15, 2009

    That was a speech I wish I had when I was an undergraduate or in graduate school.

  48. compassioninpolitics / Jul 4 2011 4:15 am

    Here is a recent publication on micro-enterprise. I haven’t gotten a chance to read it yet, but I’m looking forward to it:
    http://www.intellecap.com/assets/81/Inverting_the_Pyramid_3rd_Edition-Print.pdf

  49. compassioninpolitics / Aug 27 2011 5:29 am

    This is technically just women social innovators, obviously some of that is to the BOP:
    http://www.scoop.it/t/women-social-innovators

    Also, technically not BOP consumer, but BOP product and entrepreneur is One Mango Tree:
    http://www.onemangotree.com/market.html

  50. Nathan Ketsdever / Aug 31 2011 2:41 am

    I would be re-miss in not mentioning the Monitor Groups white papers, which are usually quite good:
    http://www.rockefellerfoundation.org/uploads/files/d005d330-7be8-4c77-bc7f-ba7251c4fd34-emerging.pdf

    For instance that one above (Emerging Markets, Emerging Models) lists 7 business models which are viable in emerging markets.

    4 business models for the BOP as consumers:
    Pay per use-A Pay-Per-Use approach in which consumers pay lower costs for each use of a group-owned facility, product, or service. This limits the impact on their cash flow while the sheer numbers of consumers makes the proposition sufficiently attractive for third- party providers.
    No frills-A pared-down, No Frills service that meets the basic needs of the poor at ultra-low prices and still generates positive cash flow and profits through high volume, high asset utilization, and service specialization.
    Paraskilling-Paraskilling, which combines No Frills services with a reengineer- ing of complex services and processes into a set of disaggregated simple standardized tasks that can be undertaken by workers with- out specialized qualification.
    Shared channels-Distribution networks that reach into remote markets via Shared Channels, piggybacking products and services through existing customer supply chains, thus enabling poor people to afford and gain access to socially beneficial goods such as solar lanterns or efficient kerosene burners.

    3 business models for the BOP as workers & producers:
    Deep procurement (purchasing from networks & bypassing middlemen)
    Contract production- The contractor or- ganizes the supply chain from the top, provides critical inputs, specifications, training, and credit to its suppliers, and the supplier provides assured quantities of specialty produce at fair and guar- anteed prices.
    Demand-led training (aka Temp-agency style group including training)

    I’m curious why none of the 7 mentions business in a box style or other social franchises (although I haven’t read the entire white paper).

  51. Nathan Ketsdever / Sep 10 2011 5:42 am
  52. Nathan Ketsdever / Sep 12 2011 6:58 am

    Fair trade fashion insights from One Mango Tree presented at the Library of Congress:

    http://hallemarie.blogspot.com/2011/05/using-fair-trade-principles-to-empower.html

    You can also just check out their blog here (aka Halle Marie) for more insight on this issue.

    Instead of just sourcing, they know the wages & create transparency by owning the entire process.

    Check out: http://www.fairtradefederation.org/ for even more info on the Fair Trade Federation

    You might also check out other sustainable fashion/fair trade fashion orgs…..I remember one presenting at the 99% Conference (but the video has been taken down). I remember one other core model of SE which is sewing/fashion driven.

  53. compassioninpolitics / Sep 16 2011 6:21 am

    Yet another BOP-craft fashion e-commece company:

    http://www.krochetkids.org/

    It appears they’ve partnered with Volcom in some way.

  54. compassioninpolitics / Sep 21 2011 3:26 am

    SE Typology is an interesting tool created by virtue Ventures:
    http://www.virtueventures.com/resources

    I recommend looking at this resource page as well as Googleing “setypology” and it should come up as a PDF (note there are different years….so try to get the most recent version)

  55. Nathan Ketsdever / Sep 27 2011 8:35 am

    Supply chain savings & efficiency in health care in the BOP (from Berkeley)

  56. Nathan Ketsdever / Sep 27 2011 6:54 pm

    Interesting ideas & models from domestic social entrepreneurs that might apply in the BOP in education:
    http://www.newschools.org/entrepreneurs

  57. Nathan Ketsdever / Sep 28 2011 4:54 am

    Here is a series of videos on supply chain management from ASU (Carey). There are 12 videos in the series–and most are from 3 to 6 minutes long. Here is the first video in the series. You can click through to YouTube to watch the rest of the videos in the series:

  58. Nathan Ketsdever / Sep 28 2011 5:19 am

    Here is a list of companies/organizations covered in the BOP course at Harvard:
    http://www.library.hbs.edu/references/bbop/companies.html

  59. Nathan Ketsdever / Oct 1 2011 1:11 am

    Visualizing–data visualization of key trends (it has creative commons license so you can use these and easily share your own–includes government data too):
    http://www.visualizing.org/

  60. Nathan Ketsdever / Oct 1 2011 1:24 am

    Interesting example of social innovation for cost savings–it looks like an overall interesting organization as well as a decent column on the Huffington Post:
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-de-ferranti/approaching-global-health_b_910456.html

    Results 4 Development:
    http://www.resultsfordevelopment.org/

    I believe their founder worked with UNESCO before.

  61. Nathan Ketsdever / Oct 1 2011 2:50 am

    Innovations in International Health (MIT)
    http://iih.mit.edu/

  62. Nathan Ketsdever / Oct 1 2011 9:56 am

    In terms of entrepreneur education & as incubation, Bisdom U out of Detroit is an interesting model. Students can potentially even get investment.

    I also noticed a one for one blanket (ala Tom Shoes) which was interesting.

  63. Nathan Ketsdever / Oct 7 2011 2:48 am
  64. Nathan Ketsdever / Oct 9 2011 11:01 am
  65. compassioninpolitics / Oct 10 2011 4:10 am

    Imagine Network is a collaborator with Mercy Corps:
    http://www.imagine-network.org/people/index

    Another issue–corporate giving is partially covered here:
    http://www.businessgivingstrategies.com/sfg/

  66. compassioninpolitics / Oct 11 2011 3:20 am

    Social impact research available via Bridge Ventures:
    http://www.bridgesventures.com/links-research

  67. compassioninpolitics / Oct 13 2011 4:09 pm

    This non-profit is responsible for .6% of the GDP of Kenya:
    http://www.approtechafrica.com/

  68. compassioninpolitics / Oct 19 2011 2:22 am

    Teacher Education–social innovation (US based):
    http://www.inspiredteaching.org/research.php?p=resources

  69. Nathan Ketsdever / Oct 22 2011 7:51 pm

    How Business Models, Capital Markets, and Ecosystems can Help Scale Social Change
    from the Duke Fuqua School of Business (available on iTunes for free)

    Glasses = a gateway to success for living (ie the connection between vision & work & vision & education). 1/2 a billion people are visually disabled. 1/2 need off the shelf & 1/2 need prescription lenses.

    He talks about a $1, $2, $3 model used by Vision Spring with BRAC & their distributors. Vision Spring uses BRAC for their distribution, who intern uses a business in a box/reseller model. They focus on the $1 to $4 per day consumer.

    He describes an evolution from business model 1.0 to 2.0 and 3.0. They went from 30,000 the first year to 250,000 within 3 years with the help of BRAC. They have a budget of roughly $2 million.

    They tested a wholesale channel (ie big box retailers) & it flopped. They didn’t know how to react to point of purchase display. They didn’t understand need or what strength they needed. In other words, the display had no pull. (Eventually awareness will increase over time)

    He mentioned a seeing is believing moment….before & after. They are creating markets–which is more long term.

    It didn’t work well in Haiti, due to the optomological socieites. It worked 5x as well in South Africa, with a price point of $14.

    He also talked about encouraging big eye glass companies (French) to come into the market.

    BOP consumers care about brand (ie integrity & value) because they’ve been taken advantage of. Its on the glasses, the cases, etc… And its co-branded with BRAC too.

    They sell glasses, sunglasses, & eye drops (at least in El Salvador).

    Value also in self-esteem of women….transform when they learn to sell & knock on doors….and very transferable to work & life.

    They have local advisory boards–about local context. They have to be agile–there are no answers.

  70. Nathan Ketsdever / Oct 22 2011 8:28 pm

    This has some interesting diagrams (albeit simple):
    http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/chapters/0262134292chap1.pdf

  71. compassioninpolitics / Oct 24 2011 3:08 am

    CASE’s work on developing the database SCALERS (Staffing, Communications, Alliances, Lobbying, Earnings generation, Replication, Stimulating market forces) may be a useful tool for measuring organizational ripeness for scaling.

    **Stimulating market forces may have been switched to sustaining.

    faculty.fuqua.duke.edu/~ronnie/bio/BloomChatterji_090108.pdf
    page 27 explains the scalers model

    This page has a summary of the ideas covered:
    http://cspcs.sanford.duke.edu/content/scaling-social-impact-new-thinking-edited-paul-n-bloom-and-edward-skloot

    There was also a book published (its $27 in paperback)

    Also mentioned was the issue of a board (which falls under staffing)

    From Gregg Dees:
    THE FIVE R’S
    How can social entrepreneurs find a scaling path that is best for them? They should look at:
    READINESS Is the innovation ready to be spread?
    RECEPTIVITY Will the innovation be well-received in target communities?
    RESOURCES What resources, financial or otherwise, are required to get the job done right?
    RISK What’s the chance the innovation will be implemented incorrectly, or will fail to have impact?
    RETURNS What is the bottom line? Impact should not just be about serving more people – it should be about serving them well.
    How can early stage SE & founders find a replicable system?

    This organization has available insights, which require registration, although they seem focused on non-profit organizations:
    http://www.socialimpactexchange.org/

  72. compassioninpolitics / Oct 24 2011 4:08 am

    Creating Shared Value in the HBR by Porter & ????
    http://hbr.org/2011/01/the-big-idea-creating-shared-value

    There is a 5 minute video of Porter presenting this:
    http://www.fsg.org/tabid/191/ArticleId/241/Default.aspx?srpush=true

    America’s Most Promising Social Entrepreneurs according to Business Week:
    http://images.businessweek.com/ss/10/06/0608_socialentrepreneurs/1.htm

    For instance:
    http://www.missionmeasurement.com/

  73. compassioninpolitics / Oct 25 2011 1:04 am

    Bill Drayton speaks to the issue of empathy as the key skill of the 21st century (around 32 to 36):

    Drayton makes the point that we’re at a tipping point–that post now–it will be exponential. He also speaks to team of teams as well as collaborative entrepreneurship–any department that neglects this is “going to be left in the dust.” Collaborative entrepreneurship is quantum leaps ahead. Greg Dees also talks about how Duke created their program & partnered with other related programs on campus (based on mission & value overlap).

    Drayton seems to posit the following as core skills social entrepreneurs learn:
    Empathy, team/collaboration, innovation/changemaking, & leadership

    How together do we tip the world?
    At the edu. reform & curriculum level this seems to be related to social & emotional learning….as well as parenting skills.
    Talking to researchers & talking to alumni (particularly entrepreneurs)

    What is the currency of academia? Degree requirements, course credits, portfolio, grades, etc..

    Student groups at UNC is very key.

    A Challenge for universities to live up to expectations…

    One audience member asked a question about a way to measure empathy/happiness/relationship ties….(handled at about one hour in)
    http://casel.org/
    http://www.air.org/
    http://novofoundation.org/2011/09/20/social-and-emotional-learning-action-network-at-the-clinton-global-initiative/
    You can increase math skills with mindfulness (?)
    David Oshers work

    I don’t think this was mentioned, but also relevant:
    http://usa.ashoka.org/empathy

  74. compassioninpolitics / Oct 31 2011 7:39 pm

    This isn’t BOP specific…its just about technology business leadership:
    http://www.youtube.com/user/stanfordbusiness#p/c/B3BA26C130C30DED/40/W-BdCpZjZxU

    Managing ying & yang (12 to 15 minutes):
    1. Accountability vs. people stretch themselves. (don’t encourage them to set their goal low)
    2. Delegate vs. micro-manage
    3. Optimism vs. realism curve ****** (life is going to be better vs. credibility with press, etc..)
    4.

    Great value ads is simplifying things. The 3 or 4 things that really matter.

    Steve Ballmer shows tremendous enthusiasm.

    “Our business is built in conjunction with customers and partners.” Steve Ballmer

    Other CEOs….Jeffrey Immult at Intel, MERCK as “mentors” beyond Bill Gates.

    “Time is the greatest personal challenge.” Steve Ballmer
    I have a detailed spreadsheet. A nights away budget.

    Bill is transitioning from leadership to coach in some areas.

    Its nice to have a partner (ie someone to talk to & bounce ideas off of). [Bill Gates & Ballmer = ideal team, one that focuses on business and one that focuses on technical product)

    Max Weber on the routinization of charisma (read sections).

    Some will never be managers (perhaps 70%)–you have to focus on those who want it & can do it.

    We give both general management/strategy management & functional development to the 30% (we have the 3 models).

    Realism & optimism. I have a fundamental optimism.

    Open Source….how to compete?
    Enterprise is a different business model.
    Advertising is a radically different business model. (assume he’s refering to their Search business)

    Natural advantage of being based in a developed market….which leads to dual headquarters (and a better feedback loop)

  75. Nathan Ketsdever / Nov 9 2011 4:25 am

    Interesting organization similar to Project H:
    http://codesignstudio.posterous.com/

  76. Nathan Ketsdever / Nov 9 2011 6:00 pm

    The School Fund
    http://www.youtube.com/TheSchoolFund

    It borrows on Kiva’s model. Its growing rather rapidly (probably) due to an influx of funds from CGI.

  77. Nathan Ketsdever / Nov 10 2011 3:21 am

    Hybrid value chains as described by Bill Drayton of Ashoka:
    http://fec.ashoka.org/content/hybrid-value-chain-framework

    This term is definitely worth learning more about. Harvard has done work in the area.

    For instance, here:
    http://www.hbs.edu/socialenterprise/pdf/5-BudinichSchmidtReott-Presentation.pdf

    From Bill Draytons HBR article from 2010:
    For-profit organizations today have an opportunity to collaborate with citizen-sector organizations (CSOs) on large-scale problems that neither group has been able to solve on its own. The power of such partnerships lies in the complementary strengths of the participants: Businesses offer scale, expertise in manufacturing and operations, and financing. Social entrepreneurs and organizations contribute lower costs, strong social networks, and deep insights into customers and communities.

    But to work together effectively, they must focus on creating real economic as well as social value. We believe they can do so by forming what we call hybrid value chains (HVCs), which capitalize on those complementary strengths to increase benefits and lower costs.

    This trend has been developing for years, and we’ve participated in pilot projects that have delivered impressive results and promise extraordinary growth. HVCs can now be found in many industries all over the world. Collaboration between corporations and CSOs has reached a tipping point: It is becoming standard operating procedure. Indeed, we believe that if you’re not thinking about such collaboration, you’ll soon be guilty of strategy malpractice.

  78. Nathan Ketsdever / Nov 10 2011 10:17 pm

    Here is a list of social enterprise resources (this is page 2 of 3):

    http://www.intersectorl3c.com/social_enterprise_2.html

    Here is a list of LC3s, which is a type of social enterprise:
    http://www.intersectorl3c.com/l3c_tally.html

  79. Nathan Ketsdever / Nov 16 2011 3:02 am

    I really like the origin story of Method–it began with two questions:
    1. design (everything else looked the same–boring & banal)
    2. cleaning products that were clean.

    They went on to reconsider the territory:
    Making boundaries fuzzy–or new boundaries.

    “What would McGyver do?” Resourcefulness.

    http://ecorner.stanford.edu/authorMaterialInfo.html?mid=2810

    Method as a verb. Methodizing something. Secret to success is HOW we do it. Use business to create positive social and environmental change. Book…the Method Method. Open source our business model. (the more they interact with it…the more we can stay ahead)

    7 Components in the book. 3 here:
    1. innovation
    2. storytelling (emotional connection, we are very much a movement, against dirty)
    3. creating a culture & methodology that allows it to continually evolve & maintain its competitive advantages.

    impact = greenness * adoption

    1) story = villian. [people against dirty]
    “dirty little secret”
    “drug free america”
    tounge & cheek…a little bit of fun. helps build movement & spread.
    2) must create participation.
    photography
    we’re blurring the lines between who we are & who we serve.
    the attempted legal suit (clorox & daisies….vs. method = real, authentic)
    3) got to be willing to offend (free Jay Leno coverage with ad “freak’n)
    4) Crowd-sourced video (all done by advocates) Looks like a Gap or Old Navy commercial.
    5) we used actual employees for some storytelling
    70% of transportion using non-gas. (not sure this is 100% right)
    100% post-consumer.
    certified B-corporation
    allowed us to earn media vs. pay for it.
    >>>Blogger–CSR Fortune blog
    Design is a culture.
    We do wiki walls….putting unfinished work on the wall. (Yes And….instead of yes but….)
    Wall of cool…
    We prototype everything…

    Job process…later these questions:
    1. strategic
    2. tactical.
    3. keeping method weird (how would you participate here….who will really contribute.)

    side question: what is the color set they use???

  80. Nathan Ketsdever / Nov 16 2011 3:24 am

    This looks like an interesting BOP link:
    http://www.design4billions.com/

    Specifically this resource list:
    http://www.design4billions.com/pages/boplibrary.html

  81. Nathan Ketsdever / Nov 17 2011 5:28 am

    Carl focuses on entrepreneurship & SE in the US:
    http://creativepopulist.com/?page_id=26

  82. Nathan Ketsdever / Nov 19 2011 1:54 am
  83. Nathan Ketsdever / Nov 26 2011 1:28 am

    Scorecarding…..although this is only a limited viewing of the article:
    http://hbr.org/2007/07/using-the-balanced-scorecard-as-a-strategic-management-system/ar/1

  84. compassioninpolitics / Dec 7 2011 12:01 am
  85. Nathan Ketsdever / Dec 8 2011 8:47 am

    Research on Entrepreneurship at Ernst and Young:

    http://www.ey.com/GL/en/Services/Strategic-Growth-Markets/Nature-or-nurture–Decoding-the-DNA-of-the-entrepreneur

    Bill Sahlam’s take on entrepreneurship at HBS:
    http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2011/06/17/how-harvards-bill-sahlman-turns-leaders-into-entrepreneurs/

    “Technology companies with the capabilities and courage to innovate were bright spots and signals of important trends for the future.”

  86. Nathan Ketsdever / Dec 8 2011 10:42 pm

    On Hustle (persistence), networking, and Endeavor:
    http://www.endeavor.org/blog/linda-rottenberg-99-percent

    Here is a short list of their impact:
    http://www.endeavor.org/impact/metrics

  87. Nathan Ketsdever / Dec 14 2011 12:25 am

    Audacious Innovators: Interesting (the resource page is pretty comprehensive, including links to association work)
    http://audaciousinnovators.com/

  88. Nathan Ketsdever / Dec 16 2011 2:25 am

    TEDxChange (hosted by Bill & Melinda Gates):

    http://www.gatesfoundation.org/tedxchange/Pages/tedxchange-video-gallery.aspx

    You can also search on YouTube if that interface works best for you.

  89. Nathan Ketsdever / Dec 16 2011 3:02 am

    Youth entrepreneurship curriculum from Making Cents International:
    http://www.makingcents.com/products_services/curriculum.php

  90. Nathan Ketsdever / Dec 16 2011 3:13 am

    3 Things entrepreneurs do for the economy :

    (also New entrepreneurs = 3 million jobs per year. Net wealth.)
    We need innovators, inventors, & entrepreneurs
    http://andrewhargadon.typepad.com/my_weblog/2011/09/entrepreneurs-and-society-kauffman-foundations-3-things-video.html#more

  91. Nathan Ketsdever / Dec 16 2011 3:35 am

    Small trial packs in the BOP:
    http://www.maximizingprogress.org/2011/12/kadogo-economy-cnn-on-small-portion.html

    Also speaks to the possibility to doing micro-loans so that people can buy in groups….perhaps saving over the longer term. Not sure what they would do with the saved money (perhaps it could pay for health care). Not a very high impact change–more a change at the margins–unless it was health care they vitally, vitally needed. This seems super-low margin (I’m not sure how the math works out)–but maybe a viable idea (and certainly more on the non-profit vs. for-profit side).

  92. Nathan Ketsdever / Dec 16 2011 3:38 am

    Resources from the development class at MIT:
    http://stellar.mit.edu/S/course/15/fa11/15.375J/materials.html

  93. Nathan Ketsdever / Dec 19 2011 5:21 am

    Professor Mathur’s presentations on Slideshare. He also has a YouTube channel. Mathur has a passion for emerging markets (it seems particularly India…and perhaps China)

    http://www.slideshare.net/ProfessorMathur/presentations

  94. Nathan Ketsdever / Dec 23 2011 2:51 am

    Entrepreneurship presentation at Duke (google docs):

    https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZHVrZXZlbi5jb218Z3VpZGVsaW5lcy1mb3ItY3JlYXRpbmctYW5kLWdyb3dpbmctdmVudHVyZXN8Z3g6NTE1OGY4Y2NiZGZiZDgzZQ&pli=1

    I’ve included it because it has interesting conceptual ideas around:
    opportunity identification
    execution
    other ideas

  95. Nathan Ketsdever / Jan 14 2012 9:56 pm

    Community health workers in Africa beat consultants. (2 per 5,000)

    The issue of bed nets + sewage + clean water/sanitation.

    Integrating disperate organizations (work of Sachs with Ray Chambers)
    http://blogs.hbr.org/imagining-the-future-of-leadership/2010/05/ray-chambers-the-model-collabo.html

    Millenium Villages as a model for change.

  96. Nathan Ketsdever / Jan 19 2012 5:22 am

    Paul Polak–its a really long video (i think an hour or so). I’ve just posted it here as a reminder for me to watch it.

  97. Nathan Ketsdever / Feb 3 2012 1:59 am

    Research based rationales for corporate social responsibility:
    http://www.thecro.com/content/celebrating-corporate-citizenship

    Here is a CSR conference & membership organization:
    http://www.commitforum.com/index.php/register/

  98. Nathan Ketsdever / Feb 3 2012 7:31 am

    Farm Radio:
    http://www.farmradio.org/english/donors/work/

    Also P & G has done some water purification work:
    http://www.csdw.org/csdw/index.shtml

  99. Nathan Ketsdever / Feb 5 2012 2:09 am

    Johns Hopkins Field Guides for Communication (haven’t been able to mine them myself)
    http://jhuccp.org/resource_center/publications/field_guides_tools

  100. Nathan Ketsdever / Feb 8 2012 5:59 am

    Using social learning theory, researchers have created long-running serial dramas aimed at reducing the spread of HIV, slowing population growth, preventing unwanted pregnancies, promoting literacy, and empowering women. These television programs, aired around the world, feature attractive characters whose positive behaviors bring about good outcomes, unsavory characters whose negative behaviors result in adverse effects, and transitional models who start out negatively but change into good role models over time. Through these characters, positive actions and their consequences are subtly modeled, rather than explicitly stated. The programs also connect viewers with social networks and organizations that can help them improve their lives.

    Source: http://www.apa.org/research/action/tv.aspx

  101. Nathan Ketsdever / Mar 16 2012 3:14 am

    Education in logistics:
    http://www.inboundlogistics.com/cms/search-tool/education/

    This is a lead generation form–but a very customizable one–and it seems to provide links to **some** genuinely good educational institutions.

  102. Nathan Ketsdever / Mar 16 2012 6:24 pm

    Advocating for change:
    http://www.lindsay-sherwin.co.uk/guide_managing_change/html_change_strategy/10_strategy_document.htm

    Not sure if this is the best framework–but it looks interesting.

  103. Nathan Ketsdever / Mar 20 2012 12:51 am

    This is about business more generally (ie its US specific, but with applications to inefficiencies & barriers encountered elsewhere):

    http://www.bloomberg.com/tv/shows/the-mentor/

  104. Nathan Ketsdever / Apr 1 2012 1:40 am
  105. Nathan Ketsdever / Apr 1 2012 2:10 am

    1) Will people pay?
    2) Do you have passion?
    3) Are you at the beginning or end of the cycle/a cycle?

    • Team (if you don’t have this, you don’t have anything–this is the most important of the 5–more have failed for reasons of ego)
    • Market
    • Vision (includes the story & link to customers–ie iPhone vision)
    • Differentiation
    • Money

    Normal Gaut

    Team = goals, hard work, and respecting team input.

    No product. Product subsumed in differentiation. (Note to self: am I just thinking experts + price = the most wanted product)

  106. Nathan Ketsdever / Apr 1 2012 2:16 am

    Video Lectures here:
    http://videolectures.net/

  107. Nathan Ketsdever / Apr 26 2012 4:43 am

    I would also check out the tools which are aggregated by the Foundation Center. I would look at the following two links:
    http://trasi.foundationcenter.org/
    http://trasi.foundationcenter.org/browse.php

    A tool on social entrepreneurship measurement–
    http://www.demonstratingvalue.org/what-we-offer/our-solutions/tools-and-resources

    * Haven’t gotten a chance to look at this later tool.

  108. compassioninpolitics / Jun 8 2012 3:43 am

    Interesting social enterprise project (MBA + mindfulness)–although not BOP–it probably has applications to the BOP:
    http://www.mbaproject.org/

  109. compassioninpolitics / Sep 3 2012 3:52 am

    This list of partners is quite interesting from a social innovation & BOP perspective
    http://dsi.sva.edu/partners/

  110. Nathan Ketsdever / Sep 27 2012 3:18 am

    This is probably more on the philanthrophy side, but–a debate on development in Africa/aid:
    http://www.templeton.org/africa/

  111. Nathan Ketsdever / Oct 2 2012 12:34 am
  112. Nathan Ketsdever / Oct 4 2012 6:49 pm
  113. commpassioninpolitics / Oct 9 2012 3:53 am

    Interesting blog–videos about poverty:
    http://www.ionpoverty.tv/

  114. commpassioninpolitics / Oct 9 2012 3:56 am

    Also, this, recommended (or at least passed) by my friend Daniel:
    http://mruniversity.com/

    Course on international development.

  115. commpassioninpolitics / Oct 13 2012 1:52 am

    Social franchising in the health space (this is a blog for a conference). Interesting stuff:
    http://sf4healthconference2011.com/

  116. compassioninpolitics / Nov 30 2012 6:13 am

    I know I already included this on Impact Investing, but it deserves a second mention:
    http://www.thegiin.org/

    Two other models:
    • IRIS
    • GEARS (65 use this model)
    • GEARS analytics is an online platform launching

    http://www.ssireview.org/topics/category/impact_investing

  117. commpassioninpolitics / Dec 13 2012 5:00 am

    This is about Franchises (US specific) but could provide insights on BOP–particularly at the level of systems:
    http://www.franchisedevelopmentconference.com/speakers.asp

    A rather large franchise consulting firm:
    http://www.ifranchisegroup.com/our-people/

    FAST Education (???) Its a 7 part model:
    http://fastonifa.com/fastonifa/about.html

    Resources/Education (from IFA)
    http://www.franchise.org/foundation.aspx

  118. commpassioninpolitics / Dec 13 2012 5:23 am

    Franchise 500 from Entrepreneur Magazine:
    http://www.entrepreneur.com/franchise500/index.html

    IFA for Business Consultants:
    http://www.franchise.org/Franchisebycategory.aspx?category=g-bmc

    Business Services:
    http://www.franchise.org/Franchisebycategory.aspx?category=g-bua

    Financial services may have some overlap in terms of models (although its a B2C play versus a B2B one)

    Also education services (this is a tutoring business model primarily from what I can tell)

    Note in the BOP more traditional firms may be a better model. Tutoring seems to fit some of these challenges with certain income groups.

    Franchising an association model may be more helpful (ie CEO groups, etc…).
    That at least has a clear built in attraction model. It also probably has some viable tools to help businesses improve. Although I’m curious if some are just generic leadership….versus both growth of the individual and growth through HR or marketing or both.

    Interesting list of services:
    http://www.bluecoastsavings.com/marketing/proven-marketing-strategies/

    Curious if the Tutoring or Cleaning services or other niches like Fitness might also help.

  119. commpassioninpolitics / Dec 14 2012 5:45 am

    This might be a little more on the non-profit side:
    https://www.ideaencore.com/
    http://www.ventureneer.com/

    Various documents & help, etc…

    I should probably get a link or two to a comprehensive list at some point.
    http://www.zerodivide.org/grants/community_investment_resources

    This e-book on scaling social impact looks interesting:
    http://www.ventureneer.com/sites/default/files/ebooks/ventureneer-scaling-impact-primer-nonprofit_1.pdf

    A social enterprise directory of sorts:
    http://socialenterprisecensus.org/

    B-corp directory (650 included):
    http://www.bcorporation.net/community

  120. commpassioninpolitics / Dec 14 2012 6:04 am

    KPIs & Frameworks in supply chain (requires a free sign up)
    http://kpilibrary.com/categories/business-frameworks

  121. commpassioninpolitics / Dec 17 2012 3:04 pm
  122. commpassioninpolitics / Dec 24 2012 5:13 am

    A number of resources from the UK Foundation UNLtd–that seems to be an incubator of sorts.
    http://unltd.org.uk/category/resources/

  123. commpassioninpolitics / Dec 24 2012 5:15 am
  124. commpassioninpolitics / Dec 24 2012 5:17 am

    I would remiss to leave our Sandbox Network:
    http://www.sandbox-network.com/

  125. commpassioninpolitics / Dec 25 2012 6:33 pm

    The social impact funds list on here is fairly robust. (just search in the box and I believe we’re the 2nd result on Google for “social impact funds”)

    Hybrid business models. Cool:
    http://www.socialedge.org/blogs/case-on-business-models/archive/2011/05/10/business-models-why-hybrids#comments

    I also wanna check out the theme issue they point to.

  126. commpassioninpolitics / Dec 28 2012 5:06 am

    This is on small farmers & scaling up…haven’t had a chance to watch but the first part of it:

    Interesting organization as well.

  127. compassioninpolitics / Jan 15 2013 5:42 am

    Service design tools:
    http://list.ly/list/9F-service-design

    This probably also should go under the heading “social innovation” as well.

  128. Nathan Ketsdever / Mar 21 2013 12:58 am

    The links inside this document don’t work, but the links are still fairly important:
    http://www.quora.com/What-is-the-best-theoretical-analysis-on-social-entrepreneurship/answer/Nathan-Ketsdever

  129. Nathan Kets / Apr 17 2013 8:48 pm

    Globalens–Case Studies (its the Publishing Arm of William Davidson):
    http://www.globalens.com/

  130. Nathan Ketsdever / May 20 2013 5:02 am

    I need to watch this:

  131. Nathan Kets / Jun 3 2013 8:19 pm

    This website has gotten noticeably better:
    http://www.businessfightspoverty.org/

  132. compassioninpolitics / Jun 5 2013 4:15 pm

    This may be a bit more on the development side but:

    Engineering for Change Webinars on Development & the BoP
    http://www.youtube.com/user/EngineeringForChange/videos

    IEEE
    http://www.ieee.org/

    BTW, if you are into development/humanitarianism joining engineering for change is free and it has a host of benefits: https://www.engineeringforchange.org

    I thought I should provide this:
    https://www.engineeringforchange.org/static/content/Learning/ASME+Engineering+Solutions+for+the+BoP.pdf

  133. Nathan Kets / Jun 25 2013 4:57 am
  134. Nathan Kets / Jul 26 2013 9:00 pm

    Micro-consignment model:
    http://www.cesolutions.org/themicroconsignmentmodel.html

    Micro-consignment:
    http://microconsignment.com/

    Next Billion has also featured micro-consignment as part of their coverage

    Forbes apparently has as well:
    http://www.forbes.com/sites/ciocentral/2011/05/10/social-entrepreneurship-the-microconsignment-model/

    * See also social franchising model or business in a box type models.

  135. compassioninpolitics / Sep 19 2013 7:22 pm
  136. compassioninpolitics.wordpress.com / Jan 10 2014 5:54 pm

Trackbacks

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  2. Areas of Social Entrepreneurship: Mapping the Social Enterprise Space « Compassion in Politics: Christian Social Entrepreneurship, Education Innovation, & Base of the Pyramid/BOP Solutions

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