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December 23, 2012 / compassioninpolitics

Review of the Dyslexic Advantage by Brock and Fernette Edie, MD

The Dyslexic Advantage is a fantastic book for people with dyslexia, their educators, and their parents and potentially even their spouses. Brock and Fernette Edie examine the core thinking and problem-solving strengths of 4 types of dyslexics, which they use to create the acronymn M.I.N.D.:
• Material Reasoning
• Interconnected Reasoning
• Narrative Reasoning
• Dynamic Reasoning

In addition to thinking strengths, the book discusses:
• Dyslexic challenges
• Successes & failures (ie from people who have been there)
• Tips and strategies for navigating life (work and education specifically)
• Leaders & “heros” who prove that dyslexics can succeed at life

In their interview with Wired, the authors offer this summary of the strengths (link):

We outline four major strength profiles in the book, and fundamentally each of these profiles reflects a different but related way in which dyslexic brains are especially good at putting together big pictures, or seeing larger context, or imagining how processes will play out over time.

Some dyslexic individuals are especially good at spatial reasoning. Putting together three-dimensional spatial perspectives is easy for them. They may work in design, 3-D art, architecture, be engineers, builders, inventors, organic chemists or be exceptionally good at bagging your groceries.

Interconnected reasoning is another kind of strength. These connections can be relationships of likeness — analogies for example — or causal relationships, or the ability to shift perspective and view an object or event from multiple perspectives, or the ability to see the “gist” or big-picture context surrounding an event or idea. Many dyslexics work in highly interdisciplinary fields or fields that require combining perspectives and techniques gained from different disciplines or backgrounds. Or they’re multiple specialists, or their work history is unusually varied. Often these individuals draw the comment that they can see connections that other people haven’t seen before.

Most dyslexics tend to remember facts as experiences, examples or stories, rather than abstractions. We call this pattern narrative reasoning, which we consider the third strength. These kids have a very strong ability to learn from experience. It’s very common for their families to describe these kids as the family elephant. They’ll be the go-to person when someone wants to remember who gave what to sister for her birthday two years ago. They might be the family historian, but they can’t remember the times tables or which direction the three goes.

These individuals excel in fields where telling and understanding stories are important, like sales, counseling, trial law or even teaching. In addition, a large number of professional writers are dyslexic. For example, Philip Schultz, a Pulitzer Prize winning poet, recently wrote a wonderful piece for The New York Times about his new memoir, My Dyslexia. He shows the kind of profoundly clear and vivid memory of personal experiences even from very early in his life that we commonly see in dyslexic individuals.

The fourth ability we outline is the ability to reason well in dynamic settings when the facts are incomplete or changing. People strong in this area often work in the business field, in financial markets or in scientific fields that reconstruct past events, like geologists or paleontologists. These people are comfortable working with processes that are constantly changing, and in making predictions.

The book is useful and comprehensive, but a relatively easy read given the authors desire to focus on usable insights about dyslexia. The book is not overly technical, but probably does advantage readers to think abstractly given that the strengths portion of the book is about thinking methods and models). Its grounded in research (aka interviews with dyslexics) and science.

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