Church of Christ Resources–Christian Resources List
Church of Christ Resources
I’ve assembled some Christian Resources with a Stone/Campbell/Restoration movement flavor.
• Christian Resources from Church of Christ dot org (link)
• Restoration Movement Resources (link)
• Restoration Library (link)
• Restoration Movement Resources maintained by the Christian Chronicle (link)
• Bible Study Tools (link)
• Bible Gateway (link)
What is the Church of Christ? What Does the Church of Christ Believe?
What is the Restoration Movement? What is the Stone Campbell Movement?
The Restoration Movement (also known as the American Restoration Movement or the Stone-Campbell Movement, Campbellites, and Campbellism) is a Christian movement that began on the American frontier during the Second Great Awakening (1790–1870) of the early 19th century. The movement sought to restore the church and “the unification of all Christians in a single body patterned after the church of the New Testament.”:54 Members do not identify as Protestant but simply as Christian.:213
The Restoration Movement developed from several independent efforts to return to apostolic Christianity, but two groups, which independently developed similar approaches to the Christian faith, were particularly important to the development of the movement.:27–32 The first, led by Barton W. Stone, began at Cane Ridge, Kentucky and called themselves simply “Christians”. The second began in western Pennsylvania and Virginia (now West Virginia) and was led by Thomas Campbell and his son, Alexander Campbell; they used the name “Disciples of Christ”. Both groups sought to restore the whole Christian church on the pattern set forth in the New Testament, and both believed that creeds kept Christianity divided. In 1832 they joined in fellowship with a handshake.
Among other things, they were united in the belief that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; that Christians should celebrate the Lord’s Supper on the first day of each week; and that baptism of adult believers by immersion in water is a necessary condition for salvation. Because the founders wanted to abandon all denominational labels, they used the biblical names for the followers of Jesus.:27 Both groups promoted a return to the purposes of the 1st-century churches as described in the New Testament. One historian of the movement has argued that it was primarily a unity movement, with the restoration motif playing a subordinate role.:8
The Restoration Movement has since divided into multiple separate groups. There are three main branches in the US: the Churches of Christ, the Christian churches and churches of Christ, and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Some see divisions in the movement as the result of the tension between the goals of restoration and ecumenism, with the Churches of Christ and Christian churches and churches of Christ resolving the tension by stressing restoration, while the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) resolved the tension by stressing ecumenism.:383 A number of groups outside the US also have historical associations with this movement, such as the Evangelical Christian Church in Canada, and the Churches of Christ in Australia.
Source for the Explanation of the Stone-Campbell movement (link)