What are other ways of knowing beside science?
What are the alternatives to reductive materialist science?
Science typically focuses on quantitative data, causal relationship, and in the context of experiments that are repeatable. And the scientific method has been very effective particularly in health, medicine, and technology.
However, the use of the knowledge of science can be good or evil depending on how people use it for good or evil. So, its critical that science enlist other fields of knowledge in order to be used for the common good and to further humanity rather than dehumanize human beings.
Here are eight different forms of knowledge besides science and there are overlapping versions of perhaps a number of these as well:
- Experiential knowledge
- Philosophy and Reason
- Literature, Story, and Parable
This is affirmed by how we live in our daily lives. We can’t always get scientific knowledge for making decisions. Decisions of career, relationships, family, and love don’t fit into neat boxes which science (particularly in relationship to biology, chemistry, and physics) typically answers much less answers well. Certainly other disciplines can provide key insights where the limits of the scientific method stop. They in turn can inform each other.
Moreover, the nature of the university affirms the need to draw on various disciplines in their strengths so that we can come to a fuller understanding of the truth.
At 1:15, Dr. William Craig provides a number of key beliefs and areas of life which require us to use other forms of knowledge.
I’ve written about the assumptions of naturalistic science a couple of times on here and those are probably worth checking out as well.